Hyderabad, is the capital of the state Telangana, India. It also goes by its sobriquet City of Pearls. As of 2010 it is the sixth most populous city and sixth-most populous urban agglomeration in India. Hyderabad was founded by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah in 1591 on the banks of Musi. Today the city covers an area of approximately 650 km2.The twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad come under the ambit of a single municipal unit, The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation.
Hyderabad has developed into one of the major hubs for the information technology industry in India which has earned it the additional sobriquet "Cyberabad".In addition to the IT industry, various biotechnology and pharmaceutics companies have set up their operations in Hyderabad owing to its established Public sector in Life Science Research and Genome Valley. The city houses the most expensive residential real estate in Telangana in Banjara Hills and Jubilee Hills. The city is home to the Telugu Film Industry, either the second- or third-largest in India, depending on the basis of measurement, known popularly as Tollywood.A Residents of Hyderabad are generally called Hyderabadis. Located at the crossroads of North and South India, Hyderabad has developed a unique culture that is reflected in its language and architecture.
Hyderabad has a unique combination of a tropical wet and dry climate that borders on a hot semi-arid climate (K'ppen climate classification BSh), with hot summers from late February to early June, the monsoon season from late June to early October and a pleasant winter from late October to early February. In the evenings and mornings, the climate is generally cooler because of the city's good elevation.
Hyderabad gets about 32 inches (about 810 mm) of rain every year, almost all of it concentrated in the monsoon months. The highest maximum (day) temperature ever recorded was 45.5 oC (113.9 oF) on 2 June 1966, while the lowest minimum (night) recorded temperature was 6.1 oC (43 oF) on 8 January 1946.
Hyderabad is the financial, economic and political capital of the state of Telangana. The city is the largest contributor to the state's Gross Domestic Product, state tax and excise revenues. Hyderabad ranks 93rd (as of 2008) in the List of richest cities in the world by GDP (PPP) with US$60 bn and sixth in India. In terms of GDP per capita (PPP), Hyderabad ranks 4th in India with US$6,428 and a workforce participation of 29.55%. Hyderabad is ranked as the 2nd best Indian city for doing business in the Doing Business 2011 Report published by the World Bank Group.
Hyderabad has established itself as the leading destination for IT and IT-enabled services, BPO and entertainment industries. Many computer software companies, software consulting firms, business process outsourcing (BPO) firms, dealing with IT and other technological services firms have established their offices and facilities in the city since the 1990s.
The development of a township with related technological infrastructure called HITEC City prompted several IT and ITES companies to set up operations in the city. An aggressive promotion of growth in this area has led civic boosters to call the city Cyberabad.There have been extensive investments in digital infrastructure within the city promoting the setting up of several campuses by a vast array of companies within the city.
Hyderabad is home for various Agricultural research institutions like ICRISAT,PJTSAU,IIMR,DOR,IIRR,NIRD,Manage & NAARM.
CSIR and other public sector research institutes such as Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology(CCMB), Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics CDFD, National Geophysical Research Institute(NGRI), National Institute of Nutrition(NIN), Indian Immunologicals Limited(IIL),Institute of Genetics and Hospital for Genetic Diseases (IGHD), Center For Food Technological Research Institute(CFTRI),Central Institute for Medicinal and Aromatic plants,(CIMAP), National Mineral Development Corpation(NMDC), IRISET for railway signal engineering and ICRISAT.
Historically, Hyderabad has been the city where distinct cultural and linguistic traditions of North India and South India meet. Hyderabadis, as residents of the city are known, have developed a distinctive culture which is a mixture of Hindu and Muslim traditions. A typical Hyderabadi could be either a Telugu or a Urdu-speaking person that has decided to make Hyderabad his/her home.
Women of all cultures and faiths in Hyderabad typically wear either the traditional Indian dress, the sari, or, increasingly, the Salwar kameez especially among the younger population. The traditional Hyderabadi garb for females are the Khara Dupatta, the Salwar kameez and the Burqa (religious). For males the traditional garb is the Sherwani. This is one of the more visible cultural attributes of Hyderabad.
Hyderabadi cuisine is a blend of traditional South Indian, Mughal, and Persian cuisine. Hyderabadi Biryani is an iconic dish of the region. Other native preparations include Qubani ka meetha, Double ka meetha, Phirni, Nahari Kulche also known as paya and Haleem (a meat dish traditionally eaten during the holy month of Ramzan), Kaddu Ki Kheer (a sweet porridge made with sweet gourd), Sheer Qorma (a sweet liquid dish cooked with vermicelli and milk), Mirchi ka saalan, Bagaare baigan, Khatti dal, Khichdi and Khatta, Til ki chutney, baigan ki chutney, Til ka khatta, Aam ka achaar, Gosht ka achaar, Peosi (a sweet prepared with egg whites and milk), Shahi tukde, Kheema aaloo etc.
Charminar, a splendid piece of architecture stands in the heart of the ‘City of Pearls’ built by Quli Qutub Shah, in 1591.This magnificent monument is a grand and majestic centerpiece of Hyderabad. Charminar is often called as “The Arc de Triomphe of the East”. It is considered as the legendary masterpiece of Qutub Shahi’s.
No place can give a glimpse of Hyderabadi life like the Charminar area can. It is a brilliant mosaic of history, culture, modernity, crafts, business and old world charm - a perfect slice of this city’s life.
Find the glorious aura emanating in every motif and frieze. The Mecca Masjid of Hyderabad never ceases to allure the architecture lover as it soothes the soul of a spiritual solace seeker. Built more than three centuries ago, the Masjid, one of the biggest mosques in the country, symbolizes the grandest human excellence and collective endeavor of men and animals where 8000 workers and 1400 oxen were in action. The granite was quarried continuously by hundreds of workers while the oxen were constantly at service drawing them to the construction site, a feat aptly chronicled in Hyderabad’s golden history.
Laad Bazaar or Choodi Bazaar is a very old, yet popular market known for bangles, located on one of the four main roads that branch out from the historic Charminar. This famous, colorful shopping center of the old city, tucked away in one of the streets leading off from Charminar. Bridal wear, Pearls and the traditional Hyderabadi glass and stone studded bangles are sold here.
The Salar Jung Museum is an art museum located on the southern bank of the Musi River Hyderabad. It is one of the three National Museums of India, which has a collection of sculptures, paintings, carvings, textiles, manuscripts, ceramics, metallic artefacts, carpets, clocks, and furniture from Japan, China, Burma, Nepal, India, Persia, Egypt, Europe, and North America. It is one of the largest museums in the world.
Golconda, the Hyderabad’s greatest architectural wonder & engineering marvel. This timeless wonder developed by the Nizams has been the pride of Hyderabad for centuries. It is situated at a distance of only 11 Km from the city; this fort is famous for its impenetrable structure and is easily accessible for all tourists. The fort is considered as a hallmark of excellence in military architecture. Golconda Fort is one of the grandest forts in India, built in the 13th century by Kakatiyas, it was just a Mud fort at the start, but was later expanded and reconstructed into a fort which, with its sheer size, has become the supreme of all.
Qutub Shahi Tombs, one of the oldest historical monuments in the city were planned and built by the legendary Qutub Shahi kings in 1672. Each tomb is sarcophagus making the monument one-of-its-kind in the world where an entire dynasty, except the last of the Qutub Shahi sultans, is laid to rest. One can see great architectural influence of the Persians, Pashtuns and the Hindus. The tombs form a large cluster and stand on a raised platform, surrounded by pointed arches with intricately carved stonework and landscaped gardens.
Taramati Baradari is one of the popular monuments of Hyderabad, located at Ibrahimbagh on Gandipet Road and just outside the Golconda Fort. It was constructed on the banks of the Musi River, during the reign of Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah - the second Sultan of Golconda. The Bandari was named Taramati by the seventh Sultan of Golconda, Abdullah Qutub Shah as a tribute to his favorite courtesan, Taramati. Great significance of this monument is – it possesses a special old-world charm, spread over a sprawling 7-acre area amidst lush green ambience with the fascinating backdrop of the famed Golconda Fort where one can feel history come alive.
Chilkur Balaji Temple, one of the oldest temples in Hyderabad built during the time of Madanna and Akkanna, the uncles of Bhakta Ramadas. It is popularly known as "Visa Balaji Temple'', this ancient Hindu temple of Lord Balaji is located on the banks of Osman Sagar in Hyderabad. Interesting fact is, this temple does not have a hundi or accept any offerings from the devotees and no privileges for VVIPs.
Ramoji Film City is the perfect destination to celebrate the season of festivals, carnivals, with abundance fun & joy. The largest integrated world of Films, Ramoji Film City is located in a village called Anajpur in Hyderabad, Telangana. Sprawling over a vast area of 2000 acres, the city is dreamy celluloid that was initiated and set up by Ramoji Group in 1966. This destination is sole thematic holiday spot in the country with its unique theme ‘magic of Indian Cinema’, which will definitely enthrall and captivate visitors once visited.
Birla Mandir is one of the famous Hindu temples in Hyderabad, built on a 280 feet high hillock called Naubat Pahad across a 13 acres plot. The construction took around 10 years and was opened in the year of 1976 by Swami Ranganathananda of Ramakrishna Mission. The temple was constructed by Birla Foundation, which has also constructed several similar temples across India, all of which are known as Birla Mandir.
Built in the 16th century, Hussain Sagar Lake with a 3 km long dam wall is the largest artificial lake, which holds water perennially. The lake also has a charming promenade that doubles up a busy thoroughfare today. Amidst the heavenly view of a serene lake stands the auspicious statue of Lord Buddha. It is one of the few man-made lakes in India, built by Hussain Shah Wahi in the year 1562 located in Hyderabad.
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park, also called as KBR National Park was established in 1994 and named after the former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. Spread over an area of 156 hectares, the park serves as a home to wide variety of flora and fauna. It has around 600 species of flora and around 113 species of birds, 20 species of reptiles and butterflies. The park provides an excellent open space and is an oasis to the busy city life with rising pollution levels.
Built over 200 years ago, Chowmahalla Palace or Chowmahallat is renowned for its unique style and elegance. It was a palace of the Nizams, once regarded as the center of Hyderabad and the seat of Asaf Jahi dynasty, where Nizams used to entertain their official guests and royal visitors. A synthesis of many architectural styles and influences, the Palace Complex has been meticulously restored.
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